Commissioner for Patents (March 2000- March 2005)

 Served as the Chief Operating Officer for all aspects of patent related operations with the mission to properly implement the patent laws of the United States. Oversaw  budget of over $750 million and a staff of over 5000 employees. Areas of responsibilities included strategic planning, budget formulation, staffing, information technology systems, policy formulation, and Congressional relations. Testified before the U.S. House and Senate on various intellectual property issues. 


Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the PTO (January 2001- December 2001)

 Reported to and advised the secretary of Commerce on all intellectual property issues. Chief Executive Officer responsible for all aspect of PTO operations. Represented the PTO in international meetings at the WIPO and interacted with Congress, other agencies, and major IP bar and trade organizations. 


Various Positions within the PTO (June 1972-March 2000)

Held positions of Patent Examiner, Supervisory Patent Examiner, Group Director, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, and acting Assistant Commissioner. 

Independent Consultant (October 2013-present)

 I advise clients on PTO practices and procedures, assist clients  on    patent prosecution matters, and act as an expert witness on PTO  related issues.


Executive Advisor --Birch, Stewart, Kolasch & Birch LLP (April 2005-September 2013)

 My responsibilities included advising clients on PTO regulations and  Procedures, advising attorneys and staff on PTO procedures, assisting  attorneys and staff on patent prosecution matters, business  development, public relations, and expert witness regarding PTO  related issues. 


Expert Advisor at the PTO (July - September 2009)

 At the request of the Secretary of Commerce I accepted a temporary assignment as an expert advisor to the acting Under Secretary of Commerce to strengthen the management structure of the PTO and provide an up-to-date assessment of the challenges facing he agency.